rhatto: economia*

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    https://pib.socioambiental.org/pt/noticias?id=182103
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    http://community.timebanks.org
    Tags: , , , , by rhatto (2017-08-14) | Cache | PDF | PNG
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    http://outraspalavras.net/outrasmidia...os-bancos-de-tempo-chegaram-ao-brasil
    Tags: , , , , by rhatto (2017-08-14) | Cache | PDF | PNG
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    http://outraspalavras.net/uncategoriz...screta-emergencia-dos-bancos-de-tempo
    Tags: , , , , by rhatto (2017-08-14) | Cache | PDF | PNG
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    https://moneyless.org
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    http://www.valor.com.br/brasil/502484...ileira-tem-superavit-recorde-em-junho
    Tags: , , by rhatto (2017-08-08) | Cache | PDF | PNG
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    http://atlas.media.mit.edu/en
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    http://brasil.elpais.com/brasil/2017/05/12/economia/1494601971_737485.html
    Tags: , , , , by rhatto (2017-05-16) | Cache | PDF | PNG
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  9. We’re surrounded not just by intelligent machines but by a new layer of reality centred on information. Consider an airliner: a computer flies it; it has been designed, stress-tested and “virtually manufactured” millions of times; it is firing back real-time information to its manufacturers. On board are people squinting at screens connected, in some lucky countries, to the internet.

    Seen from the ground it is the same white metal bird as in the James Bond era. But it is now both an intelligent machine and a node on a network. It has an information content and is adding “information value” as well as physical value to the world. On a packed business flight, when everyone’s peering at Excel or Powerpoint, the passenger cabin is best understood as an information factory.

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    If we restate Arrow’s principle in reverse, its revolutionary implications are obvious: if a free market economy plus intellectual property leads to the “underutilisation of information”, then an economy based on the full utilisation of information cannot tolerate the free market or absolute intellectual property rights. The business models of all our modern digital giants are designed to prevent the abundance of information.

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    For the past 25 years economics has been wrestling with this problem: all mainstream economics proceeds from a condition of scarcity, yet the most dynamic force in our modern world is abundant and, as hippy genius Stewart Brand once put it, “wants to be free”.

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    In an economy where machines do most of the work, the nature of the knowledge locked inside the machines must, he writes, be “social”. In a final late-night thought experiment Marx imagined the end point of this trajectory: the creation of an “ideal machine”, which lasts forever and costs nothing. A machine that could be built for nothing would, he said, add no value at all to the production process and rapidly, over several accounting periods, reduce the price, profit and labour costs of everything else it touched.

    Once you understand that information is physical, and that software is a machine, and that storage, bandwidth and processing power are collapsing in price at exponential rates, the value of Marx’s thinking becomes clear. We are surrounded by machines that cost nothing and could, if we wanted them to, last forever.

    In these musings, not published until the mid-20th century, Marx imagined information coming to be stored and shared in something called a “general intellect” – which was the mind of everybody on Earth connected by social knowledge, in which every upgrade benefits everybody. In short, he had imagined something close to the information economy in which we live. And, he wrote, its existence would “blow capitalism sky high”.

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    The main contradiction today is between the possibility of free, abundant goods and information; and a system of monopolies, banks and governments trying to keep things private, scarce and commercial. Everything comes down to the struggle between the network and the hierarchy: between old forms of society moulded around capitalism and new forms of society that prefigure what comes next.

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    We need more than just a bunch of utopian dreams and small-scale horizontal projects. We need a project based on reason, evidence and testable designs, that cuts with the grain of history and is sustainable by the planet. And we need to get on with it.
    https://www.theguardian.com/books/201...ostcapitalism-end-of-capitalism-begun
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    https://coopfunding.net/en
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